About JRC
As the Commission's in-house science service, the JRC's mission is to provide EU policies with independent, evidence-based scientific and technical support throughout the whole policy cycle. Its work has a direct impact on the lives of citizens by contributing with its research outcomes to a healthy and safe environment, secure energy supplies, sustainable mobility and consumer health and safety. The JRC draws on over 50 years of scientific work experience and continually builds its expertise based on its seven scientific institutes, which host specialist laboratories and unique research facilities. Two research teams of the JRC will articipate in the project: E3 - Cyber and Digital Citizens’ Security Unit and C4-Sustainable Transport Unit.

Role in the project
In the framework of the DIAS project JRC will contribute to WP3 and WP4. In WP3 the JRC/E3 Unit will contribute to the analysis of tampering device. The JRC/E3 unit will exploit the long experience in tampering devices, which implement frauds in the tachograph application. In addition, JRC/E3 unit will exploit the experience in in-vehicle security for a large set of security threats built on the experience on Cooperative and Automated vehicles.

In WP4 the JRC/E3 will contribute to the design of security measures for protecting the vehicular software, hardware and the communications between them from tampering. In this WP, the JRC/E3 unit will adapt solutions already investigated and defined in the context of Internet of Things or the Smart Tachograph application in commercial vehicles and apply them to the wider context of automotive. The proposed solutions can be based on a number of elements including statistical analysis, efficient cryptographic mechanisms and so on. In addition, JRC/E3 can also support standardization or regulatory activities exploiting its unique role as part of the European Commission.

In WP3 JRC/C4 will select vehicles from the fleet and either i) apply specific tampering devices to be recognized as important during the market research, or ii) undermine the depollution system (eg disengage EGR, bypass SCR, tamper pressure sensors, etc). Exact list of tampering approaches/devices to be performed has to be defined. In doing so the JRC/C4 will cooperate with JRC/E3 for completing an analysis of the operation and the strategy behind the tampering system and identify possibly security risks. Foreseen activity one light duty and one heavy duty vehicle to be tested for 5 days each (10 test days in total). Tests may include just in lab testing or full on road assessment in case laboratory conditions trigger a non-normal operation of the vehicle CAN. Other Project partners will be invited to the tests. C4 to report on the system/ EATs malfunctions and possible impacts in collaboration with WP leader.

For WP5 the JRC/C4 is willing to test cheap sensors and report on their capacity to accurately and robustly monitor emissions and signal a powertrain/EATs malfunction. This is a crucial step for building malfunction/tampering identification algorithms for the future. It will also demonstrate the needs for additional standardization and possible regulation in the area. Sensors to be applied on one light duty or one heavy duty vehicle, according to the needs of the consortium, which will be tested under lab conditions (compare cheap sensor to established type approval systems) and on road (cheap sensor vs state of the art RDE PEMS). The possibility to establish a pay as you pollute principle and remote emissions monitoring on such sensors will be investigated. Ten (10) test days are foreseen in total. The number, type sensors and the test conditions will be discussed with other consortium partners in the first steps of the project.

In WP5 the JRC/C4 will contribute to the assessment of the prototype systems that will be developed in the course of the project and implemented in real vehicles. The JRC/C4 with the help of the JRC/E3 will comment on the capacity of the new systems to timely detect tampering efforts and inform the driver. JRC to assess behavior under conditions causing moderate and severe emissions increases (eg simple EATs malfunction or complete EATs compromise; 10 testing days in total on an HDV prototype).